Gaffar Market � Jugaad Market in Delhi
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This market has been named after the name of a great freedom combatant Ghaffar khan.

Ghaffar khan was a Pashtun as well as Afghan political and religious leader who was popular because of his peaceful movement towards the rule of Britishers in India. He was an enduring peace lover, a spiritual Muslim as well as a close companion of Mohandas Gandhi. He was also popular by the names of Fakhri Afghan which means the pride of Afghans, Badshah Khan as well as Bacha Khan which means king khan in Pashto language as well as Sarhaddi Gandhi which refers to Frontier Gandhi according to Hindi and Urdu literature. 

He was encouraged by his family for joining the Indian Army but he got upset due to an ill treatment shown by a British officer towards a person belonging to his country. Because of the intervention of his mother, his family decided that he should go to England for further studies.

After he witnessed the continuous failures of revolutions in opposition to the British Government, he decided that Social reform and activism can prove to be favorable for Pashtuns.This finally helped in the development of a movement named as Khudai Khidmatgar which referred to Lord’s servants. A ruthless crackdown was produced in the success of the movement due to which the movement became unfavorable for him as well as his supporters. He was also deported because of his movement. During the year 1920, he created an association with Gandhi as well as the National Congress party in India. This association remained till the year 1947 during the partition of India.

Ghaffar khan was strictly against the demand of the Muslim League regarding the division of India. After the National Congress party in India accepted the plan related to partition, he gave a statement saying that, “You have thrown us to the wolves."

After the Division, the government of Pakistan arrested Ghaffar Khan recurrently as he was associated with India. Also he was against the dictatorial moves represented by the government. During the year 1960 as well as 1970 he spent his time moreover in jail as well as in exile.

His name was selected for the Nobel peace award. In the year 1987, he turned out to be the first individual who was given the honor of Bharat Ratna without having the citizenship of India. Bharat Ratna is actually the India’s topmost resident award. After his death in the year 1988, his body was buried in the Jalalabad region according to his wishes.        Inspite of a serious fighting in Afghan battle, both the sides announced a ceasefire and allowed the burial of his body


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